DACHSHUNDS AT A GLANCE
Weight: 8kg (18 lbs) – 14kg (30 lbs)
Height: 20cm – 23cm (8 – 9 inches)
Life span: 12 – 16 years
Coat: Long-hair and short-hair varieties with sleek fur, and also a long wire-hair variety.
Colour(s): Most commonly black and tan, or red. Also black and cream, isabella (fawn), chocolate, blue and tan combinations. Brindle and other mottled patterns are possible but less common.
Litter size: 4 – 6 puppies is common, but litters can be as smaller or larger than this
Breed group: Hound group
With it’s cute looks and a unique build, everyone knows the sausage-dog. Their cute appearance and personality have kept them highly placed in lists of popular dogs since the ’50s.
Despite it’s almost comical proportions, the Dachshund is a lively, boisterous and fun loving breed, bred tough enough to originally be used for flushing badgers out of their burrows.
At a glance the Dachshunds proportions seem peculiar, but there is method to the madness. It’s short legs let them quickly manoeuvre through right borrows and corners in search of their prey, and their relatively big chest houses a heart and lungs with enough stamina for a fight once caught. Their barrel like chest also aids in a louder than expected bark for a dog their size, helping hunters locate them once burrowed.
Though names and measurement standards vary from country to country, the Dachshund is generally recognised in three sizes; miniature, tweenie and standard. Regardless of their size, the Dachshunds good nature is universal.
In the modern home the Dachshund is not a quiet observer, whatever you’re doing they will be by your side, getting in the way wherever possible in their attempts to ‘help’. The only thing likely to send them running from your side is the pursuit of a bird or other animal which has made it’s way into their yard.
Your Dachshund will love the whole family, however it is not uncommon for them to closely bond with one person in particular. Though this is typically not a problem, socializing and training should be undertaken (as always) to prevent puppies becoming jealous or over protective of this person.
Most people will be familiar with the long-hair and short-hair varieties of Dachshund, though there is a third, the wire-hair Dachshund. With the added dash of terrier to their mix, the wire-hair Dachshund can be a trouble maker of a higher order.
As with all breed temperament varies with individuals, however most are curious, willing to approach and playful with strangers and dogs alike. If selecting from a litter you would ideally like to avoid overly shy individuals.
CHARACTERISTICS AND SUMMARY
Suited to indoor living: 9/10 – While still reasonably active indoor Dachshund’s do not require a lot of space and are well suited to indoor living. Just be wary of furniture they may fall off, with their short legs and long backs a modest fall is harder on the Dachshund than other breeds of comparable size.
Sensitivity: Dachshunds are often a courageous breed, though some can be nervous or shy, more often miniatures, though this is not considered standard for the breed.
Needs company: More so than many other breeds Dachshunds do not like being alone, or being ignored when with company. They are best suited to a interactive owners and a household which regularly has someone home.
Suitable climates: Dachshunds do fine in warmer weather, but do not tolerate the cold well, especially those of the short-hair variety. A dog jacket/jumper may be required in colder seasons to keep them comfortable.
FAMILY, FRIENDS AND OTHER DOGS
Friendly with family: 8/10 – Dachshunds can make ideal family companions, the only thing to note is they can become particularly bonded with one family member in particular and may become jealous for this persons attention.
Child friendly: 9/10 – With the general good nature and small size, the Dachshund are a very child-friendly dog, however an excited childs attention may be overwhelming for them and they long backs can be easily injured if not handled properly so playtime should be supervised (more for the dogs well being).
Friendly toward strangers: Dachshund are typically enthusiastic about meeting new people, though some can be shy and stand-offish until they feel more comfortable.
Dog friendly: 7/10 – Dachshunds get along well with other animals, most often happy to play and if not will simply withdraw if uncomfortable without any drama.
One master dog: Dachshunds often are a one master dog and will bond to one family member in particular. They are more likely to obey this person and seek their attention over other family members when available.
Ease of training: 5/10 – Dachshunds can be stubborn and difficult to train, this includes toilet training. They are intelligent but can be strong-willed and mischievous, and a firm, consistent hand is required when raising them.
POSSIBLE UNDESIRABLE BEHAVIOURS
Prey drive: 8/10 – Originally bread to flush out burrow-dwelling animals like badgers, the Dachshunds prey drive can be high.
Tendency to bark/howl: 6/10 – Dachshunds have a surprisingly loud and deep bark for a dog their size, and when excited or feeling playful they’re not shy about making themselves heard.
Goes wandering: 8/10 – Typical for dogs from the Hound group, if a Dachshund picks up an interesting enough smell they’re likely to forget everything else around them in their pursuit of it.
Shedding: Shedding is low.
Drooling: Basically none.
Grooming required: Long-hair varieties should be brushed every day or two to prevent matting. A brushing or two a week is enough for short-hairs.
EXERCISE NEEDS & GENERAL HEALTH
Energy level / Intensity: 8/10 – Dachshund are a high energy and stamina breed, a daily walk or play sessions is required. A little digging to entertain themselves may be expected too.
Playfulness: 8/10 – They love to play!
Exercise frequency : 7/10 – A moderate amount of exercise is required every day.
General health: 5/10 – Unfortunately the demand for Dachshunds and their popularity has lead to some irresponsible breeding for profit rather than for love of the breed. Dachshunds are prone to a number of back problems both from injury due to their unusually long build, and diseases such as IVDD (Intervertebral Disc Disease). Epileptic fits are not uncommon, though they can typically be well managed with medication. Hearing loss and diabetes is rare but can effect some individuals.
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